Program: Strategic Framework to develop a Regional Agenda for Protection of Indigenous Peoples in Voluntary Isolation and Initial Contact (PIACI)

More information

The Program was executed between 2011 and 2016 to contribute to the Regional Agenda for the Protection of Indigenous Peoples in Isolation and Initial Contact (PIACI, for its acronym in Spanish)), through the definition of effective policies and consensual actions among the relevant governments, indigenous peoples, organizations, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) with experience in the field. Its activities were executed in two phases: the first phase between 2011 and 2014, and the second, called “Indigenous Peoples in Border Regions of ACTO”, between 2016 and 2017. Additionally, in 2018, a general evaluation activity of the two phases of the Project was conducted. The Program was implemented under the non-reimbursable technical cooperation between the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB) and the ACTO.

The Program’s first phase was concluded, and two relevant instruments were prepared: The Guidelines for Health Care of PIACI and the Guidelines for the Protection of PIACI. These documents are inputs for public policies and other national processes for the construction of legal tools in the Member Countries, creating and consolidating specialized sectors for the protection of the PIACI’s rights in most of the Member Countries.

The principles and guidelines were developed to guide the implementation of the respective national action plans considering territorial protection measures, including legal protection and physical control of external interventions in the territories inhabited by these Peoples, and in neighboring areas.

The execution of the first phase turned out to be an enriching experience for the relevant institutions and actors due to the approach to the theme of these peoples who, in many cases, live and move in areas of the Amazonian borders, in more remote and isolated corners of the modern society; in addition to becoming a space for discussing about the situation of the PIACI, opening possibilities and opportunities for regional and cross-border cooperation on the subject.

Thus, it was decided that, in a new project proposal, the attention to the most vulnerable indigenous peoples who are mostly in border areas should be considered, also considering Art 32 of ILO Convention 169 on “Contacts and cooperation to across borders ”.

Indigenous Peoples in border regions of the Amazon

The Project “Indigenous Peoples in Border Regions of ACTO (2016-2018)” has been implemented by the ACTO’s Permanent Secretariat with IADB funds as a continuation of the Program “Strategic Framework to develop a Regional Agenda for Protection of Indigenous Peoples in Voluntary Isolation and Initial Contact – PIACI”. Its main objective was to continue the elaboration process of standards, and its application, to protect their health and promote the use of traditional knowledge and practices for territorial management and its natural resources.


The project continued with information exchange dynamics among national institutions and the exchange of experiences among Member Countries. The following documents were produced: Guidelines for Health Surveillance for Indigenous Peoples of the Amazon Region and the Guidelines for the Exchange of Traditional Knowledge among Indigenous Peoples in border regions for the sustainable management of biodiversity.

Components phase 1.

Program Strategic Framework for the development of a Regional Agenda for the Protection of PIACI

Component 1: Inter-institutional coordination

Component 2: Physical and cultural integrity protection

Component 3: Territorial and legal protection

Component 4: Regional strategy for health

Component 5: Systematization, training, awareness, and dissemination

Components phase 2.

Indigenous Peoples in border regions of the Amazon

Component 1: Development of standards to protect the health of indigenous peoples in the border regions.

Component 2: Promotion and exchange of mechanisms for the use of traditional knowledge of indigenous communities in the bi-national and tri-national borders as a basis for the development of sustainable management plans for these areas.

Strategic partners

Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)




Marco Estratégico para la Protección de los PIACI

Technical documents – Phase I

Bolivia diagnóstico institucional Programa Piaci

Brasil diagnóstico institucional Programa Piaci

Colombia diagnóstico institucional Programa Piaci

Bolivia_ diagnóstico_Salud_Programa Piaci

Colombia_ diagnóstico_Salud_Programa Piaci

Peru diagnóstico institucional Programa Piaci

Ecuador diagnóstico institucional Programa Piaci

Surinam diagnóstico institucional Programa Piaci

Brasil_ diagnóstico_Salud_Programa Piaci

Ecuador_ diagnóstico_Salud_Programa Piaci

Informe Final Programa Piaci fase 1

Evaluación Programa PIACI Fase 1

Lineamientos de protección de PIACI

Directrices para la atención de salud de PIACI

Peru_ diagnóstico_Salud_Programa Piaci

Technical documents – Phase II

Informe Final Programa Piaci fase 2

Evaluación Programa PIACI Fase 2

Vigilancia Epidemiológica

Lineamientos para el intercambio de Conocimientos Tradicionales

Caja de herramientas


Boletín Indígenas_Expedición Brasil

Boletín Indígenas Expedición Perú

Informe Final_ Programa Piaci_fase 2

Boletín Indígenas Expedición Ecuador

Boletín Indígenas Expedición Bolivia

Evaluación_Programa_PIACI_Fase 1

Boletín Indígenas Expedición Colombia

Informe Final_ Programa Piaci_fase 1

Evaluación_Programa_PIACI_Fase 2